India's internet user population is expected to reach over 900 by 2025, which is happening at the same time that an increase in cyber threatsdisorganized has become a major source of worry.
According to experts, there wasn't much time due to the fast increase in digital adoption to build the nation's cybersecurity infrastructure.
Large amounts of data are now at risk as a result.
Up until June of this year, there were 674,021 cyberattacks throughout the nation, or about 3,700 per day, according to the authorities.
India doesn't even now have a national cyber security policy.
According to Dipesh Kaura, general manager for South Asia at the international cybersecurity company Kaspersky, the majority of IT systems in India rely on old infrastructure with insufficient and ineffective cyber protection: "Our cyber security infrastructure continues to be fragmented and disorganized."
Cyber events have happened in a variety of industries, including power, health, finance, and insurance.
State and non-state actors have recently attacked vital sectors like banking, communications equipment, and electricity delivery.
Threats including data breaches, denial of service attacks, and ransomware are becoming more and more vulnerable.
According to Kaura, phishing is one of the most common attack methods in India.
"Fraudsters are increasingly using emerging technology, such artificial intelligence fuzzing, to control and automate attacks."
According to experts, the infrastructure for cyber security needs to be rapidly strengthened for cyber threats organizations the government to achieve its goal of providing citizens with digital access to both public and private sector services.
With the increase in online transactions, this becomes even more crucial, and the availability of practically all services as apps today only complicates matters from a security perspective.
Rural India is driving the growth in internet usage in India, according to a recent analysis by IAMAI-Kantar. More than 351 million people in rural areas used the internet in 2021.
Although this is encouraging, experts warn that consumers are more susceptible to cybercrimes due to their lack of knowledge and comprehension of the internet.
According to Kaura, new users must comprehend the need of generating strong passwords to protect their Wi-Fi networks.
He believes that spreading knowledge about widespread phishing tactics and other cyber threats through security awareness efforts by service providers would go a long way toward giving rural India access to cyber security.
Rahul De, an information systems professor at IIM Bangalore, explains why rural internet users are more susceptible to online crimes like confidence scams.
He observes that "people not only do not have good security practices, they simply do not know that it is necessary."
He continues by saying that awareness campaigns in local tongues are also necessary.
"A lot of awareness-raising activities are only conducted in Hindi and English.
"Additionally, it must have animation, video, and audio.
"If you demonstrate the risk, people will act right away.
De notes that there is an equal need for raising awareness at the corporate level, adding that external dangers are only a minor portion of the whole threat portfolio.
Internal staff practices the ones that really cause harm. Internal security frauds are common.
In 2022, the average cost of data breaches for Indian businesses will be Rs 17.6 crore, up 25% from the cost of data breaches on average in 2020, according to a recent report by IBM Security.
A new ransomware victim is reported on leak sites every four hours, according to Palo Alto Networks' 2022 Unit 42 Incident Response Report.
The economy is now being negatively impacted by cyberattacks, which are already becoming significant market pressures. According to Viswanath Ramaswamy, vice-president, technology, IBM Technology Sales, IBM India, and South Asia, hackers take advantage of these circumstances to demand ransom payments from is
"This is creating a 'cyber tax,' where firms can charge customers for some of the costs associated with a breach."
According to Kaura, Indian businesses must invest in IT security training and education to prevent negative brand effects and legal repercussions from cybersecurity disasters.
Individual alertness is the only effective of , against cyber risks for practices, organizations organizations-defense organizations
"We must be aware of the requirement to restrict the distribution of all privileged access within their organization defense organizations to certain individuals.
Gulshan Rai, a former CERT-In (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team) director general, adds: "In 2013, the current cyber security policy was created and announced.
"Since then, there have been numerous advancements in architecture, applications, and technology. A generational shift has occurred.
More bandwidth, in Rai's opinion, means more threats at a time when India is attempting to establish 5G networks.
"Internet of Things and cryptocurrency technologies, the use of blockchain and big data, and artificial intelligence are the standard today.
The nation requires a new cyber policy to handle the problems brought on by novel technology advancements.
In India, both digitalization and the heterogeneity of networks, apps, and devices are growing quickly. The rapid penetration of gadgets is outpacing the testing of applications and devices.
He continues, "The cumulative effect is that there are more cyber incidents and breaches."